Shaheed-e-Millat Khan Liaquat Ali Khan’s Death Anniversary

Author: Alina Kamran
Author: Alina Kamran

Liaquat Ali Khan was born into a Muslim Mandal Nousherwani family in Karnal, Eastern Punjab of India, on 1st October 1895. His father, Nawab Rustam Ali Khan, possessed the titles of Rukun-al-Daulah, Shamsher Jang and Nawab Bahadur, by the local population and the British government who had wide respect for his family. The Liaquat Ali Khan’s family was one of the few landlords whose property includes 300 villages in total including the jagir of 60 villages in Karnal,expanded across both eastern Punjab and the united provinces. Liaquat Ali Khan’s mother, Mahmoodah Begum gave him Islamic education at home before his formal schooling started.
In 1913 Liaquat Ali khan attended Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College which is now known as Aligarh Muslim University,graduating with a BSC in Political Science and LLB in 1918. After the death of his father in 1919,Liaquat Ali Khan, with British Government awarding the grants and scholarship, went to England, attending the Oxford University’s Exeter College to pursue his higher education. In 1921,Liaquat Ali Khan was awarded the Master of Law in Law and Justice, by the college faculty who also conferred him with a Bronze Medallion. While a graduate student at Oxford, Ali Khan took active participation in student unions and was an elected Honorary Treasurer of the Majlis Society in England.
Liaquat Ali Khan rose to become one of the influential members of the Muslim League, and was one of the central figure in the Muslim League delegation that attended the National Convention.
Ali Khan firmed believed in the unity of Hindu-Muslim community, and worked tirelessly for that cause.In his party presidential address delivered at the Provisional Muslim Education Conference held at Aigarh Muslim University in 1932,Liaquat Ali Khan expressed the view that Muslims had “distinct culture of their own and had the (every) right to persevere it”
Liaquat Ali Khan was first married to his cousin Jehangira Begum.
His second marriage took place in December 1932. His wife, Begum Ra’ana, was a prominent economist and an educator. She, too, was an influential figure in the Pakistan movement.
After independence,Liaquat Ali was appointed as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan by the founding fathers of Pakistan.He was made the prime minister during the penultimate times, the country was born at the time of starting of the extensive competition between two world superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Liaquat Ali faced with mounted challenges and difficulties while trying to administer the country.He and the Muslim League faced with dual competitions with socialists in West-Pakistan and, the communists in East Pakistan.
After the 1947 war and the Balochistan conflict,Liaquat Ali Khan’s ability to run the country was put in doubt and great questions were raised by the communists and socialists active in the country. In 1947–48 period, the Khan-Jinnah relations was contentious, and the senior military leadership and Jinnah himself became critic of his government. In his last months, Jinnah came to realize that prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was a weak prime minister a highly ambitious and was not loyal to Jinnah and his vision in his dying days.
On 16 October 1951,Liaquat Ali Khan was shot twice and killed during a public meeting of the Muslim City League at Company Bagh,Rawalpindi.
Upon his death, Khan was given the honorific title of “Shaheed-e-Millat”, or “Martyr of the Nation”. He is buried at Mazar-e-Quaid, the mausoleum built for Jinnah in Karachi. The Municipal Park, where he was assassinated, was renamed Liaquat Bagh in his honor.

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