Muḥarram-ul-Haram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar.
The word “Muharram” means “forbidden”. It is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura.
Muslims fast during this day, because it is inscribed in the hadith that Musa (R.A) and his people realised a dominion over the Egyptian majesty on the 10th day of Muharram; In that event Muhammad(SAW) asked Muslims to fast on this day that is Ashura and on a day before that is 9th called Tasu’a.
A little of the muslims community commonly known as “Shia” during Muharram do different things and with different intentions. They observe and respect Muharram as the month that martyred Hazrat Hussain(RA), the grandson of Muhammad(SAW) and son of Hazrat Ali(RA), in the Battle of Karbala. They mourn for Hussain (RA) and strain from all joyous events. Unlike Sunni Muslims, Shias do not fast in this month, especially on the 9th and 10th days of Muharram. .
Law enforcement agencies started implementation of security plans for maintaining law and order during the month of Muharram-ul-Haram, especially for the first 10 days of the holy month.Strict security measures were taken every year all over the country to avoid any untoward incident.Along with heavy police and paramilitary contingents, personnel of the Pakistan Army would also be deployed in sensitive areas of the country to ensure peaceful completion of mourning processions.