HAZRAT UMAR (R.A)-THE SECOND CALIPH OF ISLAM

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Author: Alina Kamran

Hazrat Umar (RA) is pondered one of the best role models for Muslims from different aspects. All the roles he undertook in his life are an ideal example for Muslims of every generation.
Hazrat Umar r.a was born in around 580 A.D, Hazrat Umar (R.A) belonged to Adi tribe of Qureysh in Makkah. He was about 10 years younger than the Holy Prophet ﷺ, and both also shared the same ancestors. His forefathers played a great role in settling disputes among the tribe, the Adi family used to lead them as an Arbitrator. His father`s name was Khattab and his grandfather was Nufail, who were both well known for their rational and decision making abilities. His mother, Khantamah was a daughter of Hisham bin al-Mughirah, a highly ranked person among the Qureysh.
He used to graze camels from his early age which increased his task handling capabilities.He also had to bear the hardships by facing wrath of his father whenever he tumbled in carrying out the assigned duties. Umar (R.A) was also in one of the few educated persons in the entire Qureyshi tribe, who could both read and write. He also got familiar with the art and science and knew the history of the Arabs. At youth, he was a physically strong person with tall stature. He could travel long distances on his feet without any problem. He was also considered among the top wrestlers due to his great athletic abilities and he also won most of the fights held at the annual fairs of Ukaz. He was also famous for his immaculate horse-riding skills. He was smart person, a well known public orator and successfully handled the ambassadorial role on part of Qureysh.
Hazrat Umar (RA) brought numerous reforms in the governance during his reign. Some of the dominant reforms popularized by Hazrat Umar (RA) are:
1. The establishment of Bait-ul-Maal i.e State’s treasury for people was one of his major achievements.
2. A proper Judicial system was established, where Magistrates and Judges would have courts and would decide on cases.
3. Army headquarters were established for protection of country.
4. Canals and roads were constructed.
5. The Imams, Teachers and Moazzins were given pay in schools and Mosques.
6. Prisons and Police station were built.
7. The first Islamic Lunar calendar was established and the Hijrah system was initiated.
8. Population census was made.
9. Welfare homes and orphanages were built.
These reforms were so polished and helpful in making a proper ruling country that they are being practiced today as well after hundreds of years ago.
Hazrat Umar (RA) was assassinated by a Persian non-Muslim named Firoz. He stabbed Hazrat Umar (RA), as a result of which he passed away three days later on 1st of Muharram.
In short, Hazrat Umar (RA) is the role model for every Muslim. He was an epitome of justice, principles, piety, humility and character. He performed all his roles whether personal or professional with due diligence and not a single example can be put forward that shows that he performed his role less than perfect.
May Allah Almighty provide us with the heart to live life the way Hazrat Umar (RA) lived and become a better Muslim. Ameen!
To sum things up, Hazrat Umar (R.A) had the greatest possible personality characteristics that made him able to be called Al-Farooq by the Holy Prophet ﷺ Himself. He was a true companion, counselor, scholar, ruler, a brave man, highly judicious and above all a great reformer in the Muslim history.

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